A guide to gardening all year round: Professional gardeners teach you how to care for plants according to seasonal changes

As the seasons turn, gardening is not only a leisure activity that soothes the soul, but also a precise science that pays attention to observation and adjustment. In Asian regions with variable climates, such as Hong Kong, each seasonal change not only brings challenges, but also unique pleasures for gardening enthusiasts.

From the warm sunshine of spring to the heat of summer, to the cool breeze of autumn and the coldness of winter, each season has its own unique rhythm and care points. Gardeners are not only the guardians of plant growth, but also the bridge between nature and human life. Horticulturists use specialized knowledge and skills to ensure that each plant thrives in its season. Whether maintaining soil in optimal condition during the plentiful rainfall of the tropics, making efficient use of water resources in arid regions, or protecting plants from freezing temperatures in colder regions, the work of a horticulturist combines art and science and requires continuous Learn and innovate to meet the challenges of climate change.

In this article, we’ll take a closer look at how our horticulturists enable horticultural crops to thrive in these unique environments across Asia’s various climates. From spring’s rebirth to winter’s dormancy, let’s dive into the world of gardening that brings plants to life.

Spring Care:

In spring, when everything revives and the festive atmosphere of the New Year gradually fades, the work of gardeners also enters a new cycle. This is the time when plants emerge from winter dormancy and require adequate nutrients and careful care.

Water Management: As temperatures gradually increase, water evaporation from plants increases. Horticulturists will check soil moisture regularly to ensure plants have adequate moisture. This is important for promoting the growth of new leaves and the blooming of spring flowers such as peonies and peach blossoms. For newly planted roses and tulips, horticulturists will make sure they receive adequate moisture in the spring to support their rapid growth.

Fertilizer strategy: Spring is a critical time for fertilization. The horticulturist will select the appropriate fertilizer based on the plant species and growth stage and apply it at the recommended frequency and amount. Proper fertilization can help plants grow better, especially those that need rich nutrients to support new growth. Just like vegetables like tomatoes and peppers, horticulturists use fertilizers rich in potassium and phosphorus to promote their fruit development.

Pruning and pest control: For plants that have suffered winter damage, spring is the best time to prune and perform pest control. Proper pruning not only removes damaged branches and leaves, but also promotes the growth of new shoots. At the same time, timely pest control can protect plants from common spring pests and diseases. Like apple and pear trees, horticulturists prune them in early spring and use biological control methods to control aphids and fruit tree diseases.

Planting Plan: Spring is an ideal time to plant seeds. Horticulturists will develop detailed seeding plans based on plant species and growth habits. For vegetables and annual flowers that love spring sowing, such as tomatoes, peppers, petunia, etc., choosing the right variety and sowing location is crucial. Horticulturists take into account light, ventilation and soil conditions to ensure the seeds germinate and grow in the best possible environment.

Flower Bed Design: Spring is the perfect time to appreciate the beauty of flowers. Gardeners will design and build flower beds for customers who love flowers, selecting plants with rich colors and well-proportioned blooming periods to create vivid spring pictures. For example, a gardener might insert different colors of tulips, hyacinths, and clematis into flower beds to create a colorful visual effect. Not only are these plants brightly colored, but they also bloom in succession, ensuring that flower beds are filled with blooms throughout spring.

Spring is a prime time for gardening. In addition to taking good care of each plant, gardeners also need to prepare for their future growth, ensuring that when spring fades away, our gardens will still be a vibrant and colorful world.

Summer Care:

Summer’s hot sunshine and high humidity create challenges for gardening. As a horticulturist, horticulturists take specific steps to protect plants from the adverse effects of heat and moisture.

Choose heat-tolerant plants: If planning new plantings, our gardeners recommend choosing plants that are suitable for high-temperature conditions, such as heat-tolerant plants such as sunflowers, marigolds, and dianthus. Not only do these plants tolerate strong sunlight, they also add warm color to the garden. In addition, planting native or heat-tolerant varieties, such as lavender and rosemary found in Mediterranean areas, is also a good choice as they are better adapted to local climate conditions.

Water Management: Horticulturists will adjust their watering schedule based on the needs of each plant. For vegetables and some flowers that require more water, such as tomatoes and irises, horticulturists will increase the frequency of watering. It is recommended to water in the morning or evening to reduce water evaporation and prevent leaf burn. Using mulch, such as turf or wood chips, can help maintain soil moisture and reduce weed growth.

Pest and disease management: Summer is a time to strengthen pest and disease management. Horticulturists regularly inspect plants for signs of pests and diseases and quickly implement environmentally friendly control methods. For roses susceptible to aphids and powdery mildew, horticulturists use organic pesticides or biological control techniques.

Pruning and shaping: Summer is a great time to prune and shape, especially for fast-growing plants such as vines and certain shrubs. Proper pruning can not only promote ventilation and light for plants, but also stimulate secondary growth of plants, making them more lush.

Extra Protection: Many tropical plants like bromeliad sage and bird-of-paradise flower can thrive during the summer, but may require additional protection from cold air currents. Horticulturists will adjust care strategies based on weather forecasts and the plants’ specific needs.

Gardeners need to pay more attention to details when gardening during the summer. From selecting suitable plants to controlling pests and diseases, every step needs to be carefully planned and executed. Only in this way can we ensure that our garden remains a vibrant oasis in the hot summer.


Autumn care:

In autumn, as the climate gradually turns cooler, the growth rhythm of plants begins to slow down. This is a time of harvest and preparation for the coming winter. As horticulturists, our focus is on helping plants store energy and preparing them to survive the winter safely.

Reduce fertilization and watering: In the fall, horticulturists will reduce fertilization, especially nitrogen, to avoid promoting the growth of new leaves. For example, with perennial flowers like roses and chrysanthemums, horticulturists will apply less fertilizer to help them go into dormancy. At the same time, horticulturists will also gradually reduce the amount of watering, especially for plants in vegetable gardens, such as tomatoes and peppers, to allow the plant roots to enter a more dormant state.

Pruning and Shaping: Fall is an ideal time to prune and shape your perennials and shrubs. For example, with vigorously growing roses and hydrangeas, horticulturists perform precise pruning to promote healthy growth the following year. Not only does this contribute to the health and appearance of your plants, but it also reduces wind and snow damage that your plants may suffer during the winter.

Soil Improvement: Fall is a great time to evaluate and improve soil quality. Gardeners will add organic matter such as leaf mold or compost, which not only provides nutrients to the soil but also improves its structure, increasing the soil’s water-holding capacity and air permeability. This step is especially important for vegetable gardens or flower beds.

Extra protection: For those plants that need to survive the winter, such as non-hardy evergreens or certain tropical varieties, horticulturists will provide extra protection, such as mulches or winter shields. Horticulturists will also develop personalized winter plans based on plant species and local climate conditions.

Fall gardening is a process of slowing down and preparing your plants for their future. It is the gardener’s job to ensure that the garden maintains its beauty and vitality even before the harsh winter sets in.


Winter care:

Low temperatures and freezing conditions in winter pose challenges to plant growth. As professional horticulturists, gardeners will take steps such as adding protective coverings, adjusting watering strategies, and overwintering sensitive plants indoors to ensure that plants survive the winter months safely.

Plant protection strategies: A horticulturist will evaluate the plants in the garden to determine which plants need additional protection. For example, for tropical plants that are not cold-tolerant, such as bromeliads and citrus, a horticulturist may recommend moving them indoors or to a greenhouse, or using coverings such as straw blinds or winter cloth to provide warmth.

Water Management: Horticulturists will continue to perform necessary water management on plants. For evergreens such as pine and holly, although the need will be reduced, it is still necessary to ensure that the plant’s root system is not damaged by drying out. In some cases, proper watering can help protect plants from frost damage.

Pruning and Shaping: Winter is also a good time to prune perennials and shrubs, especially for plants like roses and hydrangeas, after the plants have completely gone dormant. Not only will this remove dead or damaged branches, it will also encourage the growth of new shoots in the spring.

Care of flower bulbs: For those flower bulbs that overwinter in the ground, such as tulips and daffodils, gardeners will make sure they have adequate cover to protect them from the cold. At the same time, horticulturists will inspect these bulbs for signs of rot or disease and deal with them promptly.

Planning and Preparation: Winter is also a great time to plan your gardening activities for the coming year. Gardeners use this quieter season to design new garden layouts, select new plant varieties, and prepare for spring planting.

Winter garden care is a phase of protection and preparation. A gardener’s job during the winter is to ensure that our plants survive even the coldest months and are ready to show their full potential come spring.


Special weather care:

Plant care requires more care and expertise when faced with extreme weather conditions. Whether it’s scorching heat, prolonged drought, heavy rainfall or cold waves, every weather extreme can stress or even harm plants. As horticulturists, we must take appropriate steps to protect our plants and ensure they can adapt and survive these conditions.

Coping with heat and drought: Keeping the soil properly moist is crucial. This may mean increasing the frequency and volume of watering, while also considering the sustainable use of water resources. Using drip irrigation systems or mulch to reduce evaporation, choosing drought-tolerant plants like cacti and aloe vera, and properly pruning and protecting plants before a heat wave are all effective strategies.

Response to heavy rainfall and flooding: Ensuring good drainage is key. Plants may need to be moved from areas of standing water or raised in beds to prevent roots from becoming waterlogged. At the same time, excessive rain may also cause the loss of soil nutrients, so it is also important to replenish fertilizers in time after rain.

Cold wave response: In addition to the winter protection measures mentioned above, horticulturists will monitor weather forecasts and take early action if necessary. This may include adding layers of mulch, using wind screens, or giving plants a deep watering session before the expected cold arrives to help the soil retain heat.

Response to climate change: As horticulturists, we all choose plant varieties that can adapt to local climatic conditions, cleverly use microclimates to create the best growing environment, and implement sustainable gardening methods to reduce the impact on the environment.

When facing special weather conditions, horticulturists need to be more flexible and adaptable in their work to ensure that plants can grow healthily in various extreme climates.



As the seasons change throughout the year, gardeners are constantly taking care of plants. Each season brings its own unique beauty and different care requirements. From new life in the spring, to lush growth in the summer, to harvest in the fall and dormancy in the winter, our knowledge and skills as professional horticulturists are vital to the healthy growth of your plants.

Whether you are new to gardening or a seasoned gardener, the advice from the gardeners in this article will be of great benefit to your gardening practice. Not only will this help your plants thrive in a variety of climates, it will also allow you to better enjoy the fun and satisfaction of gardening.

Gardening goes beyond a general hobby; it is a way of life that allows people to connect with nature, providing a haven of tranquility and solace in the fast-paced modern life. No matter what climate you live in, I hope you enjoy and find satisfaction in the process of gardening!